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Metastatic Pattern of Spread of Testicular Cancer  adultchild

Introduction: There are a number of histologic types of testicular germ cell tumors, usually divided into seminomas and non-seminomatous germ cell tumors. Testicular cancer has the highest propensity for metastatic spread among all cancers.

Prevalence: Rare Metastasis Frequency: Common

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985 Dec;145(6):1165-71. PMID: 2998169


Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2008 Jun;132(6):931-9. PMID: 18517275

Primary Tumor:

Sorry, no description has been written for the primary tumor.

Known Metastatic Locations:

SiteFrequencyCharacteristics Comments
Local Lymph Nodes Common para-aortic chains
Distant Lymph Nodes Common mediastinum, supraclavicular regions
Lung Parenchyma CommonNodule
Liver Common
Brain Uncommon involvement occurs late
Bone RareLytic involvement occurs late
Kidney Very RareSolid, Cystic
Adrenal Glands Very Rare
Inferior Vena Cava Very Rare
Muscle Very Rare
Spleen Very Rare
Pericardium Very Rare
Peritoneum Very Rare
Heart Very Rare
Omentum Very Rare
Pancreas Very Rare
Pleura Very Rare
Small Intestine Very Rare